What is an Argumentative Essay? 5 Steps to Write the Best Essay with Ease!

Discover the secrets to crafting a compelling argumentative essay with our step-by-step guide. Learn how to choose a topic, conduct research, create a thesis, and structure your essay for maximum impact. Click now to master the art of persuasive writing!

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What is an Argumentative Essay? 5 Steps to Write the Best Essay with Ease!

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What is an Argumentative Essay?

An argumentative essay is a type of academic writing that presents a clear thesis statement and supports it with evidence and reasoning. The goal is to persuade the reader to agree with your position on a debatable topic. Argumentative essays require thorough research, critical thinking, and the ability to present a well-structured argument.

Argumentative essays are common assignments in high school and college courses, especially in English, philosophy, and political science classes. They help students develop critical thinking skills, learn to evaluate evidence, and communicate their ideas effectively.

A well-written argumentative essay should:

  • Have a clear, debatable thesis statement
  • Present evidence and reasoning that supports the thesis
  • Anticipate and address counterarguments
  • Use credible sources to back up claims
  • Be well-organized and logically structured
  • Use persuasive language and techniques
  • Conclude with a strong restatement of the thesis and main points

6 Steps for Writing an Argumentative Essay

Step 1: Choose a Topic and Take a Stance for Argumentative Essay

The first step in writing an argumentative essay is selecting a topic that has two clear sides. You must then take a stance on the issue. For example, if the topic is "Should college education be free for all?", you could take the stance that "College education should be free for all students."

When choosing a topic, consider:

  • Your interests and knowledge
  • The assignment requirements
  • The availability of evidence to support your position
  • The potential counterarguments and how you can address them

Once you have chosen your topic, do some preliminary research to ensure that there is enough evidence to support your stance. Then, formulate a clear, concise thesis statement that states your position and provides a roadmap for the rest of the essay.

Step 2: Conduct Research for Argumentative Essay

Once you have chosen your topic and stance, conduct thorough research to gather evidence that supports your position. Use reliable sources such as academic journals, reputable news outlets, and expert opinions. For instance, you might find statistics showing that countries with free college education have higher levels of innovation and economic growth.

When conducting research,:

  • Use a variety of sources (e.g., books, articles, websites)
  • Evaluate the credibility and reliability of each source
  • Take notes and organize your findings
  • Look for evidence that supports your thesis and potential counterarguments

As you research, you may need to refine your thesis statement based on the evidence you find. Be open to adjusting your stance if the evidence strongly supports a different position.

6 Steps for Writing an Argumentative Essay
6 Steps for Writing an Argumentative Essay

Step 4: Outline Your Argumentative Essay

Create an outline that organizes your main points and supporting evidence. A typical argumentative essay structure includes:

Introduction: Hook the reader, provide background information, and state your thesis.

  • Start with an attention-grabbing hook, such as a surprising statistic or a thought-provoking question
  • Provide context and background information on the topic
  • End with a clear, debatable thesis statement that states your position

Body Paragraphs: Present your main points and supporting evidence. Each paragraph should focus on one idea.

  • Begin each paragraph with a topic sentence that introduces the main point
  • Present evidence from your research that supports the main point
  • Analyze the evidence and explain how it supports your thesis
  • Use transitional words and phrases to link paragraphs and ideas

Counterarguments: Address potential opposing views and refute them with evidence.

  • Identify the most significant counterarguments to your thesis
  • Fairly present each counterargument and acknowledge any valid points
  • Refute each counterargument with evidence and reasoning
  • Show how your position is still the most logical and well-supported

Conclusion: Summarize your main points, restate your thesis, and leave a lasting impression on the reader.

  • Summarize the main points of your essay
  • Restate your thesis in new words
  • End with a strong, memorable statement or call to action

Here's an example outline for the "free college" argumentative essay:


  • Hook: The rising cost of college tuition and student debt crisis
  • Background: The importance of higher education in today's society
  • Thesis: College education should be free for all students because it promotes equal access to education, reduces student debt, and benefits society as a whole.

Body Paragraph 1: Free college promotes equal access to education

  • Topic sentence: Many talented low-income students cannot afford college
  • Evidence: Statistics on college affordability and enrollment by income level
  • Analysis: Free college allows students to pursue education based on ability, not finances
  • Transition: Equal access to education is just one benefit of free college

Body Paragraph 2: Free college reduces student debt

  • Topic sentence: The student debt crisis in the United States is a significant burden for graduates
  • Evidence: Data on average student debt and its impact on life choices
  • Analysis: Free college eliminates the need for student loans and allows graduates to focus on their careers and future
  • Transition: In addition to individual benefits, free college also benefits society as a whole

Body Paragraph 3: Free college benefits society

  • Topic sentence: An educated population leads to economic growth and innovation
  • Evidence: Examples of countries with free college and their economic and social outcomes
  • Analysis: Free college creates a more skilled and competitive workforce, leading to long-term benefits for society
  • Transition: Despite the clear benefits, some argue against free college


  • Counterargument 1: Free college is too expensive for governments to fund
  • Refutation: Investing in education yields long-term economic benefits that outweigh the costs
  • Counterargument 2: Free college devalues the worth of a degree
  • Refutation: The quality of education can be maintained through proper funding and standards


  • Summary: Free college promotes equal access, reduces debt, and benefits society
  • Restate thesis: College education should be free for all students
  • Closing statement: Investing in free college education is an investment in our shared future

Step 5: Write the Argumentative Essay

Using your outline as a guide, write your essay paragraph by paragraph. Make sure each paragraph flows logically into the next. Use transitional words and phrases to link ideas. For example:

"Firstly, free college education promotes equal access to education. Many talented students from low-income families cannot afford college tuition, which limits their opportunities and perpetuates cycles of poverty. By making college free, all students would have the chance to pursue higher education based on their abilities, not their financial situation."

When writing your essay, keep in mind:

  • Each paragraph should have a clear topic sentence and focus on one main idea
  • Use evidence from your research to support your points
  • Analyze the evidence and explain how it supports your thesis
  • Use persuasive language and techniques, such as appeals to emotion or logic
  • Vary your sentence structure and word choice to keep the reader engaged
  • Use transitional words and phrases to link paragraphs and ideas (e.g., "furthermore," "in contrast," "as a result")

As you write, refer back to your outline to ensure that you are staying on track and covering all of your main points. Don't be afraid to revise your outline if necessary, as your essay may evolve during the writing process.

Step 6: Revise and Edit

After completing your first draft, revise and edit your essay. Check for clarity, coherence, and logical flow of ideas. Ensure your evidence is properly cited and your essay is free of grammatical and spelling errors. Consider having a peer or tutor review your work for feedback.

When revising and editing your essay, ask yourself:

  • Is my thesis statement clear and debatable?
  • Does each paragraph support my thesis with evidence and analysis?
  • Are my counterarguments fairly presented and effectively refuted?
  • Is my essay well-organized and easy to follow?
  • Have I used transitional words and phrases to link ideas?
  • Is my language clear, concise, and persuasive?
  • Have I properly cited all of my sources?
  • Is my essay free of errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation?

Revising and editing your essay may take multiple rounds. Be patient and thorough, as this step is crucial to producing a high-quality, persuasive argumentative essay.


Writing an argumentative essay can be challenging, but by following these six steps, you can create a well-researched, logically structured, and persuasive essay. Remember to choose a debatable topic, conduct thorough research, create a clear thesis statement, outline your essay, write persuasively, and revise and edit carefully. With practice and persistence, you can master the art of argumentative writing and effectively communicate your ideas to your readers.


What is the argumentative essay?

An argumentative essay is a type of academic writing that presents a clear thesis statement and supports it with evidence and reasoning to persuade the reader to agree with the writer's position on a debatable topic.

What is a definition of argument essay?

An argument essay, also known as an argumentative essay, is a piece of writing that takes a stance on a controversial issue and uses evidence and reasoning to convince the reader to accept the writer's position.

What does argumentative mean in essay?

In an essay, "argumentative" means that the writer is presenting a debatable claim or thesis and supporting it with evidence and logical reasoning to persuade the reader to agree with their position.

What are the 5 main parts of an argumentative essay?

The five main parts of an argumentative essay are:

  1. Introduction: Hooks the reader, provides background information, and states the thesis.
  2. Body Paragraphs: Present the main points and supporting evidence.
  3. Counterarguments: Address and refute opposing views.
  4. Conclusion: Summarizes the main points, restates the thesis, and leaves a lasting impression.
  5. References: Lists the sources cited in the essay.